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Download List of All Countries in Excel Format

World countries list in ms-excel format

Friends I've prepared country names in the world. The actual list is shown below in reverse. But if you download the file by pressing the download button you will get names of all countries in the world in excel list in the correct order as shown in the image above:

SNo. Country Name(in Reverse)
1Zimbabwe
2Zambia
3Yemen
4Vietnam
5Venezuela
6Vatican City
7Vanuatu
8Uzbekistan
9Uruguay
10United States
11United Kingdom
12United Arab Emirates
13Ukraine
14Uganda
15Tuvalu
16Turkmenistan
17Turkey
18Tunisia
19Trinidad and Tobago
20Tonga
21Togo
22Timor-Leste / East Timor
23Thailand
24Tanzania
25Tajikistan
26Taiwan
27São Tomé and Príncipe
28Syria
29Switzerland
30Sweden
31Swaziland
32Suriname
33Sudan
34Sri Lanka
35Spain
36South Ossetia
37South Africa
38Somaliland
39Somalia
40Solomon Islands
41Slovenia
42Slovakia
43Singapore
44Sierra Leone
45Seychelles
46Serbia
47Senegal
48Saudi Arabia
49San Marino
50Samoa
51Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
52Saint Lucia
53Saint Kitts and Nevis
54Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
55Rwanda
56Russia
57Romania
58Qatar
59Portugal
60Poland
61Philippines
62Peru
63Paraguay
64Papua New Guinea
65Panama
66Palestine
67Palau
68Pakistan
69Oman
70Norway
71Northern Cyprus
72Niue
73Nigeria
74Niger
75Nicaragua
76New Zealand
77Netherlands
78Nepal
79Nauru
80Namibia
81Nagorno-Karabakh
82Myanmar / Burma
83Mozambique
84Morocco
85Montenegro
86Mongolia
87Monaco
88Moldova
89Micronesia
90Mexico
91Mauritius
92Mauritania
93Marshall Islands
94Malta
95Mali
96Maldives
97Malaysia
98Malawi
99Madagascar
100Macedonia
101Luxembourg
102Lithuania
103Liechtenstein
104Libya
105Liberia
106Lesotho
107Lebanon
108Latvia
109Laos
110Kyrgyzstan
111Kuwait
112Kosovo
113Korea, South
114Korea, North
115Kiribati
116Kenya
117Kazakhstan
118Jordan
119Japan
120Jamaica
121Ivory Coast
122Italy
123Israel
124Ireland
125Iraq
126Iran
127Indonesia
128India
129Iceland
130Hungary
131Honduras
132Haiti
133Guyana
134Guinea-Bissau
135Guinea
136Guatemala
137Grenada
138Greece
139Ghana
140Germany
141Georgia
142Gambia
143Gabon
144France
145Finland
146Fiji
147Ethiopia
148Estonia
149Eritrea
150Equatorial Guinea
151El Salvador
152Egypt
153Ecuador
154East Timor
155Dominican Republic
156Dominica
157Djibouti
158Denmark
159Côte d'Ivoire
160Czech Republic
161Cyprus
162Cuba
163Croatia
164Costa Rica
165Cook Islands
166Congo
167Comoros
168Colombia
169China
170Chile
171Chad
172Central African Republic
173Cape Verde
174Canada
175Cameroon
176Cambodia
177Burundi
178Burma
179Burkina Faso
180Bulgaria
181Brunei
182Brazil
183Botswana
184Bosnia and Herzegovina
185Bolivia
186Bhutan
187Benin
188Belize
189Belgium
190Belarus
191Barbados
192Bangladesh
193Bahrain
194Bahamas
195Azerbaijan
196Austria
197Australia
198Armenia
199Argentina
200Antigua and Barbuda
201Angola
202Andorra
203Algeria
204Albania
205Afghanistan
206Abkhazia

Download Ministry List of Indian Government in Excel

Find here the all India ministry list in excel. Click this button to download it:

The same list is given below for you to read:

  1. Ministry of Agriculture
  2. Ministry of Agriculture
  3. Ministry of Atomic Energy
  4. Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
  5. Ministry of Civil Aviation
  6. Ministry of Coal
  7. Ministry of Commerce and Industry
  8. Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
  9. Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
  10. Ministry of Corporate Affairs
  11. Ministry of Culture
  12. Ministry of Defense
  13. Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region
  14. Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation
  15. Ministry of Earth Sciences
  16. Ministry of Environment and Forests
  17. Ministry of External Affairs
  18. Ministry of Finance
  19. Ministry of Food Processing Industries
  20. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
  21. Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises
  22. Ministry of Home Affairs
  23. Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
  24. Ministry of Human Resource Development
  25. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
  26. Ministry of Labor and Employment
  27. Ministry of Law and Justice
  28. Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
  29. Ministry of Mines
  30. Ministry of Minority Affairs
  31. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
  32. Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs
  33. Ministry of Panchayati Raj
  34. Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
  35. Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
  36. Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
  37. Ministry of Planning
  38. Ministry of Power
  39. Ministry of Railways
  40. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
  41. Ministry of Rural Development
  42. Ministry of Science and Technology
  43. Ministry of Shipping
  44. Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
  45. Ministry of Space
  46. Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation
  47. Ministry of Steel
  48. Ministry of Textiles
  49. Ministry of Tourism
  50. Ministry of Tribal Affairs
  51. Ministry of Urban Development
  52. Ministry of Water Resources
  53. Ministry of Women and Child Development
  54. Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports
  55. Prime Minister's office

Download All India States List in Excel

Please press this Download button to download the All India states list in excel.

The same list is mentioned below:

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Andhra Pradesh
  3. Arunachal Pradesh
  4. Assam
  5. Bihar
  6. Chandigarh
  7. Chhattisgarh
  8. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  9. Daman and Diu
  10. Delhi
  11. Goa
  12. Gujarat
  13. Haryana
  14. Himachal Pradesh
  15. Jammu and Kashmir
  16. Jharkhand
  17. Karnataka
  18. Kerala
  19. Lakshadweep
  20. Madhya Pradesh
  21. Maharashtra
  22. Manipur
  23. Meghalaya
  24. Mizoram
  25. Nagaland
  26. Odisha
  27. Puducherry
  28. Punjab
  29. Rajasthan
  30. Sikkim
  31. Tamil Nadu
  32. Tripura
  33. Uttar Pradesh
  34. Uttarakhand
  35. West Bengal

SALIENT FEATURES OF THE JAIPUR DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY ACT, 1982

Act no. 25 of 1982, published in Rajasthan gazette on 13-10-1982.

Act came into force with following aims and objectives:

  1. Planning, coordinating, and supervising, the orderly and rapid development of Jaipur region.
  2. To enable, the Jaipur development Authority to formulate and execute plans, projects and schemes for the development of Jaipur of Jaipur region.
  3. To create, proper housing, community facilities and civic amenities for the population of Jaipur Region, in perspective of 2001 A.D. or thereafter including the intermediate stages.

Jurisdiction of the act- act extends to Jaipur region area as specified in schedule -I (sec.1 of the act).

Sec. 2 of the act gives definitions, such as:

1. "Authority" means the Jaipur Development Authority constituted under section 3 of this act.

2. " Development area" means the area declared as such under sub-section (1) of section 29 and in which development is proposed to be undertaken within a reasonable period through schemes, projects or otherwise.

  1. "Jaipur Region" means the areas in the limits of the city, towns, and villages specified in schedule-I. The State government may amend by adding or deleting any area in the notification published in official gazette.

Composition of the Jaipur Development Authority

This body is a corporate body, which has following composition.

(A) EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS

1. A Chairman, Chief Minister of the State

2. A Vice Chairman minister-in -charge of Urban Development of the state of Rajasthan.

3. Chief Secretary to the Government

4. Secretary, Revenue Department.

5. Secretary, finance Department.

6. Secretary, Urban Development and Housing Department.

7. Secretary, Medical and Public Health Department.

8. Secretary, Industries Department.

9. Secretary, Public Works Department.

10. Inspector General of Police.

11. Chief Town Planner and Architectural Advisor.

12. Chairman, Rajasthan Electricity Board.

13. Chairman, Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation.

14. Chairman, Rajasthan State Industrial and Investment Corporation Limited.

15. Chairman, Rajasthan Housing Board

16. Chairman, Municipal Council, Jaipur.

17. Zila Pramukh of Zila Parishad, Jaipur.

18. All the chairmen of the Municipalities other than Municipal Council, Jaipur, having jurisdiction in the Jaipur region.

19. The General Manager, Western Railway

20. Representive of Ministry of Works and Housing, Government of India.

21. Vice- Chancellor, University of Rajasthan.

22. Sub-Area Commander (Army).

23. General Manager, Telecommunications, Rajasthan.

24. All the Pradhans of Panchayat Samities having jurisdiction wholly or partly in Jaipur Region.

25. All the members of Lok Sabha and Rajasthan Vidhan Sabha elected from constituencies falling in Jaipur region.

(B) APPOINTED MEMBERS

1.Jaipur development Commissioner, appointed by State govt.

2. Seven members to be nominated by the Chairman of the Authority.

Staff of the Authority

1. A Jaipur Development commissioner, appointed by the State Government under this Act.

2.Directors:(i) Director Engineering (ii) Director Town Planning (iii) Director Financing, appointed by State Government.

3. A Secretary of the Authority, appointed by State Government.

4. One or more Additional Commissioners or Secretaries, by state Government.

Meetings of the Authority

: -at least once in six months or whenever necessary. The quorum required will be laid down by regulations.

The executive committee:

- Under the Act, a chief executive body shall be there to bring the aims and objectives laid down by the authority into action and actual operation.

Composition of Executive Committee

- shall consist 15 members in all.

  • Chairman-Jaipur development commissioner, ex-officio chairman
  • Member Secretary-Secretary of the Authority, ex-officio member
  • Other members-13 other members
    • Chief Engineer, PWD, PHED, RSEB
    • Director, RIICO, ROADWAYS, RTDC
    • Director, Engineering, Town Planning, Finance of the Authority
    • Collector, Jaipur
    • Superintendent of Police, Jaipur
    • Commissioner, Municipal Corporation, Jaipur
    • Secretary, urban development and housing, Rajasthan.

Constitution of Other Committees

Authority may constitute various committees to perform various functions. The names, purposes and functions of such committees may be specified by the regulations.

Constitution of Functional Boards-

The State Govt. may constitute one or more functional boards on the advise of Authority by publishing in official Gazette. Each board should be of maximum 5 members. Some examples of such Boards are:

  • Traffic control board
  • Transport & communication board
  • Water resource Management Board, etc.

The main functions of Functional Boards:

  • Planning
  • Advisory
  • Implementation-mere advisory body by statute but can implement projects given to particular board specifically.

Functions and Powers of the Authority (chapter IV, Sec.16)

Main object of Authority:

- To secure the integrated development of the Jaipur Region.

  1. Planning

    • Preparation of master development plan and zonal development plans of Jaipur Region
    • Formulation and sanction of projects and schemes for the development of Jaipur Region or any part thereof
    • Execution of projects and schemes
    • To make recommendations for development of Jaipur region to State Govt.
    • Coordinating and supervision of projects and schemes
    • Preparing schemes and advising concerned authorities in formulating and undertaking schemes for development
    • Undertake housing activity in Jaipur Region
    • To prepare Master plan for traffic control and other activities.
  2. Implementation

    • Authority may take any action for implementation of the plan within the limits of the act. Although local authority i.e. municipalities and panchayats are responsible for removing the structures which contravene the Town planning schemes.
    • Power to hold and dispose of property
    • Power of making contracts
    • Removing obstructions and encroachments
    • Penalty for unauthorized development or use otherwise than in conformity with the plan.
    • Power to stop and to require removal of unauthorized development.
    • Power of authority to institute legal proceedings in court or before any statutory body or tribunal.
    • Constitution of tribunal- State govt. can constitute one-person tribunal for the purposes of this act.

A BRIEF NOTE ON ARANYA HOUSING PROJECT, INDORE, MP, (1990's)

INTRODUCTION

THE HOUSING SITUATION IN INDORE

The two main government agencies catering to the city’s housing needs are the Indore Development Authority (IDA) and the Madhya Pradesh housing Board (MPHB). According to the 1991 census almost 3.5 Lacs, which form almost 35%of the city’s population are living in the slums. This population is likely to be double in next 10 years. As per a survey in 1990, over two-thirds of the slum families live below poverty line earning less than Rs. 1000 per month. The existing housing stock was needed to be replaced. Almost 40% of households live in one room tenements.

Slums in Indore are characterized by overcrowding, Kutcha or dilapidated structures, unhygienic conditions, grossly inadequate basic amenities, unplanned layouts and poor accessibility. These areas generally house economically weaker sections of the community who are often engaged in casual service occupations.

THE ARANYA PROJECT

This low-cost housing project is undertaken by IDA to meet the acute shortage of housing and ancillary facilities, particularly for the economically weaker section (EWS) and to ensure a balanced development. The funding agencies of this project, HUDCO and World Bank stipulated that a minimum 65% of the plots be affordable by the EWS without any external subsidies. So upper income plots were incorporated into the scheme to be sold at a profit in order to raise surplus capital. This surplus is being used to cross subsidize the EWS pots and to create a revolving fund to assist EWS construction, to set up material banks and to provide funds for future developments of similar nature.

The planning and design was done by Vastu Shilpa Foundation to accommodate almost 7,000 housing units (a population of almost 40,000) in various income categories.

THE SITE AND ITS ENVIRONS

The Aranya Township is sited on the Delhi-Bombay highway; approximately 6 k.m. from the city centre of Indore. The net area of the site is 88.6 hectares, squarish in plan and measures almost 1k.m. X1k.m. The site is almost flat with no major physical features except a natural rainwater channel, which runs diagonally across the southeast corner. The site slopes from east to northwest at a gradient of 1in 110, which is used to reduce infrastructure costs. The other natural factors which have been taken into consideration are the geology and climatic factors (composite climate). A dense to moderately dense ,low-rise built form is adopted.

ARANYA: PHILOSOPHY AND DESIGN METHODOLOGY

2.1 BROAD GOALS OF ARANYA

The broad goals of Aranya are:

  • Vitality

  • Imageability

  • Equity

  • Efficiency

  • Flexibility

  • Feasibility

2.2 SPECIFIC AREAS OF CONCERN

The site and services concept was adopted predominantly for EWS population.

The issues, which were considered:

  • Indigenous character of built form to suit the lifestyles- clarity of spatial hierarchy, informality, and dense, low rise built form with courtyards and narrow streets.

  • Site and services approach- the basic building cores were provided on serviced plots, the built form can be extended by the occupants. Emphasis is on providing building materials, technical know how, finances and simple building regulations, which can be adhered to.

  • Reconsideration of norms and standards – To optimize on costs, new standard were evolved, which are relevant and affordable in the present socio-economic context.

  • Optimization of Land Use- to ensure economic viability, the optimization of land utilization is very important. This is achieved by: a: increasing the proportion of marketable land, b. by increasing the areas allocated to residential plots, c. multiple use of public spaces.

  • Marketability of Land and the Concept of cross- subsidy- upper income housing sold at profit and located on wider roads to get better prices, Non- residential uses, particularly commercial land uses, organized around the major network in order to generate more revenue.

  • Economy of Infrastructure and Road network- Physical features of the site were used to reduce the cost of infrastructure.

  • Hierarchy and size of communities within a settlement-The various hierarchies of spatial organization were adopted at township level, sector level, community level, cluster level and dwelling unit level

THE PLANNING AND DESIGN OF ARANYA

In 1976 the Habitat Bill of Rights, coauthored by B V Doshi and other architects, was submitted by the Govt. of Iran to the U N Conference on Human Settlements in Vancouver. In this document, a comprehensive code of human habitat at both micro and macro levels was developed. In the Indore scheme, an attempt has been made to realize the recommendations therein which fall within the purview of the architectural and planning study. As stated before, the planning and design of Aranya has been done at different levels. A check-list of desirable design parameters was compiled, based on the past experience, for each level.

3.1 THE SERVICE CORE

In any ‘site and services ‘scheme the service cores form nuclei around which the houses grow and the communities eventually develop. Insensitivity to the social and physical needs of the people in this respect can condemn the whole community to an unpleasant future. Water supply and sanitation constitute the largest cost components of such developments, and therefore the service core and the supporting infrastructure become the critical elements of design.

3.1.1 Design Parameters

  • Social impact: privacy from street and within living areas

  • Health and hygiene: adequate sanitation, individual WC, isolation

  • Environmental impact: house and street environments

  • Integration with the dwelling

  • Adaptability for alternative sewage treatment/disposal

  • Energy conservation/ recycling

  • Radical streamlining of the services

  • Easy maintenance of service lines

  • Structure: efficient and sympathetic

  • Economy: services, structure, substructure, core layout

For the most effective location of the service core within a dwelling in relation to the service lines, four alternatives commonly adopted were studied:

  1. Toilets at the front, facing the street, with the service lines in the street.

  2. Toilets at the back connected to the service lines in the street with pipes running under the floors.

  3. Toilets in the back courtyards with common service lines running through the backyards of one of the rows of the back-to-back houses.

  4. Community toilets and water taps.

Each of these alternatives failed to meet one or many of the design parameters. A new proposal was then evolved through a study for a more sensitive and economic system.

3.1.2 Design Proposals

In this proposal, clusters of 9and 10 houses were developed around open plots reserved for services. The service cores in the rear courtyards combine in the multiples of twos and fours to discharge individually into gully traps and an inspection chamber sited on each service slot. The service slot in turn links to the street service lines, which are halved in number to one per every alternate street (i.e. one line for every four rows of houses). Thus:

-Individual toilets and washing facilities are provided in each dwelling.

-By placing toilets at the back, they are isolated from other daily activities in the houses. The rear courtyards help to ventilate the toilets.

-The service core is carefully designed to extend into a full house at a later date with minimal disruptions. (i.e. flexible)

-The system is versatile enough to accommodate alternative sewage treatment method such as small biogas plants, septic tanks and soak wells, discharge into city sewers etc.

-Service lines from service cores to the service slots are short, manholes and main supply lines are reduced to one per every nine or ten dwellings and the main service lines are halved in numbers to one per every alternate street. Although the service slots have taken the space but overall savings are substantial.

THE DWELLING

In the e planning of new township, the work commences at the master plan level and proceeds down to individual dwellings. The clusters and the dwellings are thus locked in to a format as residues. To avoid this, detailed dwelling plans and elevations have been prepared with master plan to be fused into the whole.

Design Parameters

  • Life style and daily needs

  • Unique identity: sense of entrance, variation of forms

  • Spaces: within and without the dwelling

  • Privacy: within the dwelling and from the outside

  • Climate control: orientation, light, cross-ventilation

  • Elasticity and flexibility,

  • Rear access: for subletting, for bicycles, and for cattle, etc.

  • Efficiency: of plot size, walls and foundations, circulation

  • Structure: appropriate materials and construction methods

  • Economy in the dwelling costs

Design proposal

  • The dwellings are planned to suit the Indian way of lifestyle with traditional features such as the Ottas (the entrance platforms) verandahs, courtyards and roof terraces.

  • With variations in Ottas, entrances, staircases, verandahs and balconies within the same layouts, each house gains a unique character. The variations in the house type around the service slots with protruding stairwells, as also the variations in the plot sizes at cul-de-sacs, further enrich the streetscape.

  • The Otta is designed in a way to provide public space can be used as small shop, workshop etc. While the rear courtyard provides the private space for the house. The balcony and roof terraces create additional spaces especially for sleeping out in summer nights.

  • The house entrances and balconies are staggered across the street to avoid direct view into the opposite houses.

  • The houses are designed to receive ample natural light and generous cross-ventilation. The orientation of the house was decided by keeping climatic factors in the mind.

  • Flexibility: basic core can be absorbed into the future ground floor extensions without costly alterations.

  • The units around service slots have additional rear access for cattle etc.

  • Simple on-site precast and prefabricated units were recommended which can also create employment within community

THE STREET/ CLUSTER LEVEL

A well-designed street can encourage a collection of individual households to merge into an interactive group. To achieve this, the street must assume a unique identity on a human scale with spaces for group activities.

Design Parameters

  • Human scale and relationships

  • Unique identity and sense of character

  • Street vistas and environment

  • Spaces for people

  • Space for income generation

  • Public utilities and amenities

  • Access

  • Safety

  • Economy

Design Proposal

- In this scheme, dwellings were planned around short streets; cul-de-sacs and courtyards form clusters of manageable size which foster group activities. Interconnecting and informal walkways are provided to extend personal contacts beyond the street level.

-To impart a unique identity to each cluster in sympathy with the cultural traditions, a considered use has been made of public squares, landmarks, twists and staggers in the street patterns, widening and narrowing of the streets, variations in house elevations and such other devices. Trees on the road verges and in other open spaces can create pleasant vistas along the walkways as well as provide shaded focal points. – Spaces such as large public spaces, courtyards, small niches in street pattern, Ottas and service slots provide informal gathering spaces as well as convenient play grounds for young ones. Especially service slots make safe areas for the children to play in. – Front verandahs of the houses, public squares and service slots can be used for income generating activities to supplement the income of the families. – All the essential utilities such as water supply, sewerage, and surfaced roads storm water drainage, electricity lines etc. are provided in EWS areas. – Each and every dwelling provided direct access by a surfaced road. The minimum width of street in EWS areas is kept as 4.5 m to provide adequate widths for emergency vehicles as well as to prevent a check-by-jowl existence. –The walkways within and in between the clusters safely channel the pedestrians from the dwellings right through to the town centre with minimal interference from vehicular traffic.

- For the economy of land use major roads were used for commercial land use and wider roads has upper income group housing.

THE SECTOR LEVEL

In India ,the people continue to live , work and play within easy walking distances. Therefore in planning a new town intertwined sectors have to be designed to become viable, almost autonomous, sub-communities.

Design Parameters

  • Quality of habitat

  • Use of natural features

  • Local characteristics and lifestyle of the people

  • Social interaction and integration

  • Community spirit

  • Land use and open spaces

  • Pedestrian/Vehicular movements

  • Economy

Design Proposal

-The EWS category is placed around the large green spaces to offset the high net densities. The open spaces within and without the EWS areas are linked by informal walkways.

-Surplus soil from road excavations is used to create artificial mounds above flat landscape. This provides an aesthetic appeal to township.

-The Indian characteristics of relaxed informality or the organic character of settlements is used for the arrangements of the clusters and the spaces in between especially for EWS clusters.

-To avoid segregation caused by income differences whilst maintaining the marketability of the upper income plots which subsidize the EWS housing, the plots are arranged in concentric rings of diminishing sizes. The outer rings of larger and more expensive plots have good vehicular access. Behind these, the long term construction of EWS houses can progress to maturity. The inner lower income plots cluster around the open spaces with the emphasis on pedestrian traffic. No categories accessible through a lower category but their independence is reinforced with pedestrian linkages.

- The size and organization of each sector is determined to incorporate all the basic facilities such as schools, medical centers, shopping, workshops, open spaces etc.

- By encouraging multiple uses in the open spaces, the land is optimized without the loss of spaciousness.

- The majority of the inhabitants are unlikely to own powered vehicles. Out of consideration for them, the walking distances are reduced to minimum of five minutes walk to any community facility or open space within a sector.

THE AREA/ TOWNSHIP LEVEL

The mere assemblage of various elements cited above does not make a township. There has to be a higher theme and an overall order within which the components have a meaning. A township needs a focus and a well-ordered hierarchy of all amenities in a balanced and cohesive environment.

Design Parameters

  • Focus and identity of the township

  • Cohesion of areas and the activities

  • Accessibility of general facilities

  • Community and institutional provisions

  • Road engineering and safety

  • Hierarchy of roads

  • Hierarchy of open spaces and walking distances

  • Hierarchy of commercial activities

Design Proposals

- The area is been designed to have its own identity as well as to fit within the urban fabric of Indore. Multi-storied commercial, residential, community complexes and main sports field is integrated with the centre to emphasize their importance to the whole of the community.

- Every access whether vehicular or pedestrian converges into the town centre through their independent networks. The central facilities surrounded at three sides by the EWS housing and directly connected to the higher income groups with the spine road.

- All the required institutional and community facilities are provided according to the hierarchy of settlement.

- hierarchy of roads from 60 m wide highway to 4.5 m wide EWS internal road and 3.56m wide pedestrian links has been provided.

- Hierarchy of open spaces and commercial activities is provided within the walking distances.

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